Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Researchers assumed that the main causes of gestational diabetes are environmental factors, hormonal changes and metabolic demands of pregnancy together with genetic.

Family History

One risk factor for gestational diabetes is having family history of diabetes. Scientists found that genes play a role in its development. Genetics also explain why this condition occurs more frequently in American Indians, Latinos and African Americans. Most gene variants or combinations of variants can increase a woman’s risk in having gestational diabetes.

Insulin Resistance and Beta Cell Dysfunction

Women who are in their late pregnancy experience insulin resistance due to hormones produced by the placenta and other pregnancy-related factors. In particular, insulin resistance adds the amount of glucose levels. Gestational diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not capable in producing enough insulin because of beta cell dysfunction.

Overweight

As with Type 2 Diabetes, excess weight is related to gestational diabetes. Women who are obese or overweight is at higher risk for gestational diabetes because they begin pregnancy with a higher need for insulin due to insulin resistance. Also, excessive weight during pregnancy can also increase risk. After delivery, most women’s hormones usually return to normal level and gestational diabetes disappears. However, women who have gestational diabetes can acquire gestational diabetes with future pregnancies and develop type 2 diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes should be tested for persistent diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after delivery and at least every 3 years subsequently. Hence, doctors advise women especially pregnant women to have good body weight to prevent higher risk of gestational diabetes.

 

One of the causes of gestational diabetes is overweight

One of the causes of gestational diabetes is overweight

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Foods That Can Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Foods are major factor in preventing increase the level of blood sugar. What are foods that should be eaten to manage Type 2 diabetes? Below are some suggested foods that can reduce risk of type 2 diabetes.

 

  • Non- starchy Vegetables

Non- starchy vegetables are full of minerals, vitamins and fibers, which include spinach, peppers, broccoli and mushrooms. These vegetables contain high- quality carbohydrates and have a low impact on blood sugar.

  • Yogurt

One of the best ways in preventing an unhealthy increase in blood sugar is to eat low fat yogurt since it composes high- quality carbohydrates and proteins. Researches have shown that foods with high in calcium are related in reducing risk of type 2 diabetes.

  • Fish

One of the best sources of lean protein is fresh fish such as tilapia, cod, catfish, these are all white-fleshed fish and mild-flavored that can be prepared by roasting, baking or grilling.

  • Almonds

Almonds include a low-carb mix of monounsaturated fats and magnesium that according to studies can reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Hence, eating foods that are rich in magnesium such as pumpkin, spinach, seeds and almonds should be part of the diet plan.

  • Wild Salmon

Diabetic people are in risk of cardiovascular disease therefore eating foods with omega-3s can reduce the risk of heart disease. Salmons are not only rich in omega 3s but also include a healthy-fat- and- protein combination which keeps blood sugar on right level.

 

Samples of Non-Starchy Vegetables

Samples of Non-Starchy Vegetables

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Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease wherein the body cannot produce or store glucose, which is a form of sugar. Basically, the glucose backs up in the bloodstream, which causes the blood glucose to increase very high.

The two major types of diabetes are type 1 formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent disease and type 2 previously called as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent. In type 1, the pancreas totally ceases making any insulin, a hormone that allows the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. Children and young adult are usually the ones who develop this kind of diabetes. However, it can still occur at any age according to research.

On the other hand, in type 2, the body doesn’t generate enough insulin or incapable to use insulin properly, a condition known as insulin resistance. Usually this happens to people who are over 40 years old, overweight and have a family history of diabetes, though nowadays it is also occurring in teenagers.

In the United States, about 18.2 million children and adults have diabetes. 13 million of these are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes but they are not aware of it. According to statistics, diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death by disease in the United States.

If not treated, diabetes can result to long-term complications such as blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, strokes and nerve damage. However according to researches, a person that keeps their blood glucose close to normal can reduce the said risks. Therefore, it is very important to take precaution and follow the prescription of doctors.

Types of Diabetes

Different types of diabetes

 

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Risky Foods For Diabetes

Having diabetes is very complicated since there are many foods, which are dangerous to health. Here are foods that diabetic people should not eat, because if they continue eating these foods, it can worsen the condition. Controlling is one way to prevent worsening the illness.

  • Pancakes with Syrup

This is considered to be one of the worst breakfast meals especially to people who are diabetic, because a plate of pancakes with syrup composes of so much carbs. Eating three large flapjacks can be equivalent to seven slices of white bread. What’s worst is putting syrup and butter on top of the pancake, because syrup adds 16 teaspoons of sugar plus saturated fat. With this kind of breakfast, blood sugar level will surely increase.

  • French Fries

For people with diabetes, eating greasy and fried foods can increase weight. Oily foods such as potato chips, French fries, and doughnuts are composed of carb- heavy, starchy ingredients that can boost one’s blood glucose. These kind of foods soak up lots of oil, causing lots of extra calories.

  • White Bread

Foods with white flour act the same like sugar. Hence, people with diabetes should avoid eating refined starches such as white rice, white bread and white pasta because it can interfere with glucose control.

  • Candies

It’s a common knowledge that candies are rich with sugar. Eating foods with high- sugar will surely increase blood sugar levels and can add to weigh gain. It is best recommended to eat fresh fruits.

 

Oily foods can increase risk of diabetes

Oily foods can increase risk of diabetes

Image by Natural Homeremedies

 

 

 

 

Tips to People with Diabetes

Diabetes is a life long sickness and needs proper maintenance. Below are some tips in order to have a balance sugar level and healthy body weight. 

  • Drink medicine

In take of prescribed medicine is very important because untreated diabetes can result to nerve damage, heart disease and other complications. Take medications or insulin as instructed by the doctor. If there are any side effects, it is recommended to consult the doctor.

  • Exercise

In order to take over diabetes, exercising such as going to gym, running, sports, zumba, dancing and many more is another important thing to do. It lessens body fat and supports weight loss. Studies have shown that exercising will improve blood sugar control and even prevent heart disease. Nowadays, it is very much recommended to do exercise at least thrice a week to prevent having different diseases.

  • Drink alcohol in moderation

According to previous studies, drinking one half and two alcoholic drinks per day can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

  • Quit Smoking

Smoking makes diabetes even worse hence, it is highly encouraged that people with diabetes should stop smoking. It increases blood glucose level, compresses blood vessels and many more.

  • Monitor blood- glucose level daily

Daily monitoring of blood glucose helps a person to know if he is under control. Medicine, stress, activity level, foods and illness can affect blood glucose. Therefore, it is very important to check the level of blood glucose.

Exercise can improve blood sugar control

Exercise can improve blood sugar control

Image by James Annesi in Deans Sports and Leisure

Prevention of Diabetes

According to studies, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented maybe because of environmental issues nowadays. However, type 2 diabetes can still be prohibited in developing to a person. One major factor in preventing this sickness is change in lifestyle wherein the person maintains healthy body weight. Based on research, one cause of diabetes is obesity. Hence, people who are overweight should be encouraged to reach their correct weight. In order to reduce weight, people can do physical activities such as exercising.

Physical activity is one of the main points in preventing diabetes. Doing physical activity is very vital in maintaining weight loss and is connected to reduced blood pressure, increased insulin sensitivity, better body composition and physical well-being and reduced inactive heart rate. A balanced and healthy diet is crucial in one’s health because it can cut the risk for having cardiovascular diseases.

Other behaviors to consider include:

Stress and depression: Studies show that depression and diabetes and cardiovascular disease are associated to one another.

Sleeping Pattern: Sleeping less than 6 hours and sleeping more than 9 hours can be connected with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Lack of sleep can damage the balance of hormones regulating food intake and energy balance. Having long sleep may be a sign of sleep- disordered breathing or depression and should be treated immediately.

Smoking: For many chronic diseases such as diabetes and its complications, smoking is a well-established risk factor. It increases abdominal fat accumulation and insulin resistance. Therefore, all smokers are encouraged to quit smoking.

Smoking

Smokers are advised to quit smoking

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Carrots Can Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

 

As everyone knows, eating carrots is to improve or maintain good eyesight. However, there are speculations that carrots prevent Type 2 diabetes. How true is this theory? Can carrots stop Type 2 diabetes or is it only for good eyesight?

Studies show that carrots have potent-health boosting antioxidants that can prevent Type 2 Diabetes. The key factors in decreasing the risk of Type 2 diabetes are balanced diet, maintaining healthy weight and eating healthy foods. A study in Stanford University discovered that people with the same genetic variations and has high blood levels of beta-carotene (a form of Vitamin A) may cut the risk of Type 2 diabetes. In addition with this, they also found out that high levels of gamma tocopherol which is a main form of Vitamin E, which can be found in nuts, seeds, vegetable oils and whole grains, may increase the risk of Type 2.

A study focused on the interaction between genes and the content a person eats and the impact towards the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. According to the findings, none of the genetic factors had an impressive impact on Type 2 diabetes. However, if paired with antioxidants, the results are significant. Researchers found that connection between high blood levels of beta-carotene and reduced risk of having Type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, variations with high blood level of gamma tocopherol are related to increase risk of the condition. In conclusion, it is advisable to eat carrots in order to prevent Type 2 Diabetes.

 

Eating carrots can avoid diabetes

Eating carrots can avoid diabetes

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Can Coffee Bean Pill Combat Type 2 Diabetes?

There are rumors and speculations that coffee bean can beat Type 2 diabetes, since researchers found that chlorogenic acids in coffee beans can help control blood glucose levels and body weight. According to the study, drinking seven cups of coffee a day can reduce the risk of diabetes by 50%. But unroasted beans are said to be better, because roasted beans break down the acids. However, how true is this theory? Are there enough evidences to support this conclusion?

According to Dr. Matthew Hobbs, Head of Research at Diabetes UK, although there are some evidences that confirms an increased in take of polyphenols and flavonoids which are found in teas and coffees can cut the risk of Type 2 diabetes and help manage the condition, research on this area is still limited because samples are small and unrepresentative.

Basically, there has been lack of investigation regarding what specific ingredient the coffee contains that has positive effect. There is no enough evidence to support the idea to ask people to drink coffee in order to reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes. As Dr. Hobbs recommends, there is much more research needed with this claim because it can have negative effects towards the person and worst it can aggravate the illness of the patient. For now, it is better to consult a specialist or doctor to prevent developing this condition. As advised, drinking prescribed medicine and exercising are main factors to combat diabetes.

 

Is coffee bean the solution for diabetes?

Is coffee bean the solution for diabetes?

Image by Wise Geek

Preventing Diabetes in 3 Simple Steps

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Diabetes is a traitor sickness that kills millions yearly. Everyone is at risk of getting this disease. It can either be hereditary or from the kind of lifestyle you live. However, diabetes can be prevented depending on its severity. This can be done in 3 simple steps. First, exercise daily and engage in physical activities. This will help burn down the amount of carbohydrates you intake. It is also proven to lower down the blood sugar and make the body sensitive to insulin. Second, fiber intake should be maximized. This will help control the blood sugar level and get the heart to work properly. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans and seeds are a good source of fiber. It will also help to lose weight by making you feel full hence the need to eat more is eliminated. Lastly, eating foods made of whole grain is recommended. It helps to control the sugar levels and makes you crave less for more food.

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Stop the Craving Now

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Love for food is a gift that we should enjoy, however, too much of a good thing is a bad and the saying one is enough, two is too much are just few of the fact phrases we have to face. This is applicable for people who are suffering from diabetes and for people who do not know that bad eating habits will lead to diabetes.

The best thing that anyone with diabetes could do is to prevent future damage. Start a clean and healthy eating habits. One way you can do this is by cleaning your cabinets and fridge by replacing foods with good food. Avoid stress that may cause you to binge your heart out. Exercise also plays a crucial role as it helps produce endorphins which eventually suppress the food craving or the appetite. Eat at least 4-6 times a day but in small portions to help you stop your craving. Finally, do not starve yourself by not eating enough. One cause of craving is not eating enough calories which leads you to eat more.

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